Harriet Tubman Biography: Childhood & the Civil War

Harriet Tubman was born in Araminta Rose, Maryland, on March 18, 1822. She was an American abolitionist and political activist. Her biological parents, Harriet Green and Ben Rose were sold into slavery.

Until she was able to free herself, she was a slave as well. Anti-slavery activist networks were used to protect some of the homes known as the Underground Railroad from demolition. She was a Union Army scout and spy during the American Civil War. In her later years,(Harriet Tubman Biography) she became a suffragette activist.


Harriet Tubman Childhood

As a result, Tubman’s mother was unable to care for her younger son and a baby. Tubman took care of her younger brother and a newborn when she was a child. When she was five or six years old, Brodess hired her to work as a nursemaid for a woman named Miss Susan.

The baby’s care was given to her. When the baby woke up and wailed, she was whipped. She was beaten five times before she had even had her first meal. Despite this, she was so resilient that she carried her wounds with her for the rest of her life. She found a way out of the situation. While fleeing for five days, she wore multiple layers of clothing to lessen the pain of being beaten.

On top of that, she worked for James Cook, a planter who owned a farm. She had to check the traps in the nearby wetlands to see if they had been set. Her health deteriorated to the point where Cook had to send her back. She recovered quickly after returning to her mother’s care. Brodess later rehired her. With age, she was assigned to farm and forest work, including plowing.

Once, an overseer planned to throw a 2-pound metal weight at someone who tried to flee. After being struck by metal, Tubman claims her skull was shattered by the force of the impact. Despite the fact that she was bleeding and unconscious when brought to her owner’s house.


she remained there for two days before receiving medical attention. As a result of this, she started having seizures and developed excruciating migraines. She had a tendency to faint. Despite the fact that she appeared to be sleeping, she insisted on being awake and aware of her surroundings. Because of this, she was never free from it.

Larson believes she has developed temporal lobe epilepsy as a result of the damage. She began experiencing visions and vivid dreams that she mistook for divine messages after her accident. Tubman’s character and health were profoundly altered as a result of these incidents.

Despite her skepticism, she held a firm faith in God. Despite her mother’s lack of literacy, she taught her daughter Bible stories. She attended a Methodist church with her family. Throughout her life, her religious convictions shaped her actions.

Harriet Marriage Life

When she married John Tubman in 1844, she had only known him for a short time. Slavery would be the fate of any children born to Harriet and John because of the status of their mother. It was only after she got married that she changed her name from Araminta to Harriet.

Clinton sees a connection between this and Harriet Tubman’s abolitionist scheme. For her mother, Harriet took her surname.

In 1849, Tubman was struck down with a recurring illness. When Edward Brodess tried to sell her, no one was interested. She got down on her knees and begged God to alter his ways. After some time, she revealed the following about herself:

“I prayed all night long for my master till the 1st of March and all the time he was bringing people to look at me and trying to sell me.”

The sale was about to go through when she realized that her prayer had gone unanswered. She made the following statement about changing her prayers:

“I changed my prayer. 1st of March I began to pray, ‘O Lord if you ain’t never going to change that man’s heart, kill him, Lord, and take him out of the way ”

Harriet later expressed regret for her earlier thoughts, but Edward died a week after she had.

Edward’s widow Eliza began plotting to sell their slaves and families after his death. The Brodess family would have their say, but Harriet wouldn’t have it that way. She made the following statement:

It was either liberty or death for me; if I couldn’t have one, I would take the other.

Civil War

Civil War compelled Tubman to join up with the Union forces. Before becoming a spy, she worked in the kitchens of the Nazis. A military operation under her command was the first of its kind during the conflict. It was on this ferry that she freed nearly 700 slaves, and she pointed the audience to it. After the war, she retired to Auburn, New York, where she had purchased her family’s home in 1859, and settled in.

She took care of her aging parents while she was there. After she succumbed to illness, she became involved in the suffrage movement for women. Her death occurred in 1913. Her courage and independence remained inspiring even after her death.

Harriet Tubman Later life

Tubman was never paid on a regular basis, despite her years of work. For the sake of her ailing parents and the money they needed, she took on a variety of jobs. Harriet met a farmer named Nelson Charles Davis.

His first job was working in the construction industry in Auburn. Despite his age gap of 22 years, he was smitten with Harriet. On March 18, 1869, they were married at the Central Presbyterian Church in New York City. They took in and raised a newborn girl named Gertie in 1874. Sadly, Nelson succumbed to tuberculosis on October 14, 1888.

Harriet’s friends and supporters raised a significant amount of money to help her. In a book titled Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman, Sarah Bradford, one of her admirers, penned a memoir. About $1200 was earned by Harriet after it was published in 1869. “I suffered enough to believe it” was her response to a question from a white woman in her later years.

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As she grew older, Harriet’s seizures, headaches, and mental anguish from her childhood drama took a toll on her. She had a brain operation at Massachusetts General Hospital in the 1890s. She was unable to sleep due to the pain. When she asked, the doctor agreed to perform an operation. The doctor, in her own words, stated this.

“sawed open my skull, and raised it up, and now it feels more comfortable”

Frequently Asked Questions

How many slaves did Harriet Tubman free?

She made 19 trips to the south and she freed over 300 slaves.

Did Harriet Tubman get caught?

She was never caught and never lost a passenger

How did Harriet Tubman escape slavery?

Harriet Tubman Biography

She used the Underground Railroad to escape slavery. In 1849, she, along with her brothers escaped but after some time, her brothers wanted to come back and forced her to return with them. A few years later, Harriet escaped again but this time without her brothers.


Slave ships brought Tubman’s maternal grandmother from Africa to the United States. When it comes to enslaved people in the United States, it’s not known exactly when or where they were born, although some historians believe she was born in 1820 and others believe she was born a year or two later. However, there is no evidence to support or deny this claim she was told as a child that she resembled an Ashanti person. Posts on our website TheActiveNews.Com can be found in their entirety.

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